September-December 2011 parliamentary session was marked by harsh debates regarding the election of the President of Republic of Moldova that caused disturbances in the legislative process. Nevertheless, comparing to the previous session, peoples representatives manifested more discipline and implication.
It seems like deputies activity is not taken into account seriously by the other structures of power. That is why some parliament decisions are treated untrustworthy by those who should execute them. This denotes serious institutional imbalances, caused mainly by the political struggle. In order to avoid the situations when even ministers do not take seriously the fact that they must offer explanations, it is necessarily to adopt a law regarding ministerial responsibility. On the other hand, the deputies also manifested distorted understanding of the notion - parliamentary control", their interpellations target mainly the controlled institutions from other groups than their own.
These are the main findings of the IDIS report that evaluates the legislative institutional activity in the September- December 2011 session, presented today, February 22nd 2012. The report represents a methodological exercise of evaluation of the legislative institutional efficiency, based on the quantitative and qualitative indicators, collected and exposed by a group of experts of the IDIS - Viitorul": Eduard Tugui, Veaceslav Berbeca, Ion Tabirta. The research is coordinated by the Deputy Director of IDIS Leonid Litra and financially supported by the Balkan Trust for Democracy.
During the autumn-winter 2011 session, the deputies finalized the three forth of the expected volume of work, comparing to the 45% in the previous session. "This increased interest is justified by the public pressure to succeed with the adoption of the laws regarding the visa liberalized regime with the EU", explains the analyst Leonid Litra.
Though the activism of the deputies increased, there are still MPs that seem to be totally out of the legislative process, claims the political expert Veaceslav Berbeca: "16 deputies never participated at the parliamentary debates, 12- never addressed a question or suggestion, which denotes the lack of interest".
Another problem is related to the MPs knowledge of the legislative initiatives. So, the changes and completion in the agenda constituted one third from the numbers of issues included initially: - That means that the majority of the MPs, with the exception of those from the commission that came with the proposal of including, did not possess any information ahead about the content and the project of law", said Veaceslav Berbeca. On the other side, one of the five deputies never came with a legislative initiative, what makes doubtful the competence of these persons.
The permanent committees met more often then it was planned but nevertheless, these were not too generous to offer to the public the issues discussed. Thats why, on the Parliament webpage are not placed the transcripts of the meetings. Also, very little information about the way the budget of the parliament is formed and managed, especially taking into the consideration the fact that the budget was increased even in austerity conditions. For 2012, it increased with almost one fifth in comparison with last year, from 71 million lei to 91 million lei. The analyst Eduard Tugui: - We would like to know to what extent the expenses for trips in the territory are justified. We do not have an account of these activities that are provided by the Parliament Regulation." Obvious is the fact that the lack of some data regarding the expenses denigrates the image of the legislative institution.
At the same time, there is no registry of the peoples petitions, that became draft bills, that would indicate to what extent the legislative process is connected to the necessities and expectations of the population: - Till the end, the role of deputies is to ensure a steady communication with the population and should not be limited to the political statements during the meetings," considers Eduard Tugui. In order to increase the efficiency of the parliamentary institution, IDIS - Viitorul" recommends the adoption of a combined election system, where half of the deputies would be elected on uninominal districts.
IDIS - Viitorul" monitored the February-July 2011 session on the basis of the same methodology. On April 8th 2011, IDIS has signed an agreement with the Parliamentary Secretariat that guarantees the access of the experts at meetings. Further, the political experts of IDIS will focus on the qualitative analysis of the adopted project laws, besides the quantitative monitoring of the Legislative activism.