Radiography of the agricultural sector: A medium-year agricultural year with positive signals for the coming years

According to the latest results, crop yields have reached a level that satisfies farmers. The harvest of first crop cereals has reached an average of 1.1 million tonnes, of which about 350 thousand tonnes are used or will be used internally to set up crops for the 2019 crop to cover the needs of the bakery industry and the livestock sector. Positive results are visible in terms of quality increase and diversification of agricultural produce. At the same time, the livestock sector has an anemic evolution, which must be revived, according to IDIS Viitorul, Viorel Chivriga, director of programs "15 minutes of economic realism".

As far as agricultural crops are concerned, Viorel Chivriga said that in 2018, the grain and legume grain harvest in the first group was average. Wheat harvest was slightly more than 1.1 million tons, barely-167 thousand tons, and berry legumes - 47 thousand tons. In addition, if we take into account other crops that were set up in autumn 2017, rape production recorded 84 thousand tons. On the other hand, increases in harvest compared with 2017 are recorded for technical crops, sunflower, sugar beet, soybeans. Similarly, fruit and grape production is superior to that obtained by farmers in 2017. The agricultural works for the establishment of crops for the harvest in 2019 have been slower and have been influenced by unfavorable climatic conditions. Thus, according to the MADRM data, up to now, 220 thousand ha of autumn wheat have been set up from 320 thousand ha planned, 40 thousand ha of barley from the 65 thousand ha planned, rape-40 thousand ha, of which 32 thousand ha are in a satisfactory condition, out of 45 thousand ha planned.

Referring to fruit production, the program director said that in 2017 there are positive results on fruit production. An analysis of the fruit sector shows that the sector is going through a new qualitative phase, the orchards with high physical and moral wear are grazed and there are intensive orchards with high yields and qualitative productions. The fruit crops that enter the fruit are more likely to produce fruit that is sought out in the western markets. At the same time, the assortment of fruit has become more and more varied. The future of the horticultural sector will depend on intensive crops. The same thing happens with the vineyards of the Republic of Moldova. Much of them had one way - the east market. But there is now a diversification of geographic export directions. On the other hand, there is a positive change in the assortment of fruit and grapes on the domestic market for agricultural and agri-food products.

The livestock sector faces problems as a result of lame reforms. A big problem is the concentration of livestock in households and the low share of cropland areas for forage crops. In the current year, the reduction in livestock, which has lasted more than a decade, has not been halted. Moreover, in 2018, the stock of animals of all species was reduced, due to animals concentrated in households. This state of the animal sector does not allow large, stable and sufficient quantities to be delivered on the domestic market for consumption and industrial processing. This is all the more conducive to the entry of similarly imported imports into the domestic market.

"It would be necessary to liberalize the factories' production market, but also to protect the domestic products of domestic products on the domestic market, because the Republic of Moldova is currently invaded by products from Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, Romania, and Poland. The sector needs a modernization of small and medium-sized farms, a sound technical endowment of farms, increasing the quality and weight of crops for fodder in the structure of agricultural crops, and vigorous measures for anchoring the animal sector to the internal market and medium and long-term outlook on foreign markets, "says Viorel Chivriga.

In conclusion, Viorel Chivriga said that in order to make more progress in the agricultural sector, a faster and more thorough modernization of agricultural farms is needed, to ensure more secure access of Moldovan farmers to foreign markets, and first of all to the market but also removing vulnerabilities for the sector: anemic insurance of production risks in agriculture, rural labor exodus, obsolete agricultural infrastructure, first of all, irrigation systems.

The show is made by IDIS "Viitorul" in partnership with Radio Free Europe.

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